The International African American Museum is offering free admission January 1st to recognize Emancipation Day. CLICK HERE for more from the Post & Courier. (Non-subcribers will hit a paywall.)
Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863 during the Civil War. It did NOT free all slaves…just those living in states not under Union control. That distinction was for both military and political reasons….Lincoln did not want to antagonize slave holding border states that remained loyal to the Union.. . It also expressly exempted parts of the Confederacy that had already come under Northern control.
William Seward, Lincoln’s secretary of state, commented, “We show our sympathy with slavery by emancipating slaves where we cannot reach them and holding them in bondage where we can set them free.”
Only through the Thirteenth Amendment did emancipation become national policy. It was passed by the Senate on April 8, 1864, and by the House on January 31, 1865 for more from Smithsonian, CLICK HERE.